Industry Smart City

THE SMART CITY AND THE INTERNET OF THE THINGS

Cities are growing at an unstoppable rythm and getting faster and, consequently, increasing the energy and services requirements to meet the needs of the population. The need for energy distribution and the management of services, which must also face ever-smaller budgets and increasingly complex regulation. Technology is a key tool to address these challenges and make them the most livable cities for the benefit of people, the city and the environment. In this respect, a solid network infrastructure is the first step to transforming a city into a Smart City.

When the infrastructure is built according to the principle of the Internet of Things, Smart City can already be alive: people, places, and things that could not communicate before, are now interconnected via devices that can exchange information bidirectionally, Enabling the provision of services and adapting them in real time to varying specific conditions.

Cities and their administrators are now aware of the importance of the network not as a simple architecture for auxiliary services, but as a critical infrastructure to provide essential services. In line with the paradigm of the Internet of Things, technologies that enable smart urban infrastructures have evolved and matured over time, paving the way for the true foundation of the Smart City.

CRITICAL FACTORS FOR EVOLUTION FROM CITY TO SMART CITY

  • Choice of agnostic platforms to handle services and applications, so truly a 360 ° opening for every possible urban evolution
  • Choice of Objects ready for the Internet, capable of automating network connections and allowing devices to transfer data and receive commands, adapting in real time to varying conditions
  • Implementing “Future-proof” technologies that assure support and interoperability with the myriad of current and future objects (sensors, actuators, streetlights, counters, traffic lights, parking lots, etc …) as well as their respective suppliers.
  • Attention to sustainability, both in terms of respect for the environment and the enhancement of quality of life and economic impact – to keep CO2 emissions and energy consumption under control, to provide a more satisfying urban and tourist experience while protecting the weather the same as public spending and ROI with long-term investments
  • Choice of scalable platforms that can track incremental growth in applications and services, adapting to the pace of urban development
  • Orientation to innovation, favoring platforms that can foster the city’s economy by stimulating the design and implementation of new services by local businesses
  • Beware of security by implementing technologies and practices that can foster the city’s economy by stimulating the design and implementation of new services by local businesses
  • Beware of security by implementing technologies and practices that maximize service reliability, as is the case for highly critical infrastructures
  • Efficiency and effectiveness in technological implementation, telecommunications reliability, ability to customize solutions to meet specific local needs and overcome any critical issues

TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SMART CITY PLATFORM READY FOR THE INTERNET OF THINGS

NATIVE AND NETWORK IPV6 PROTOCOL

IPv6 protocol allows end-to-end bi-directional communication between urban objects to create and manage innovative services, with the ability to make decisions and define real-time actions by adapting the services themselves to varying conditions. An IPv6-based solution speaks the language of the Internet: if we were able to connect only PCs 20 years ago and today we are talking about smartphones, tablets and a number of devices, tomorrow the urban IP network will support objects and applications we still do not know.

WIRELESS SUB-GHz & 2.4 / 5 GHz CONNECTIVITY

The narrowband Sub-GHz network is ideal for connecting urban objects (streetlights, counters, traffic lights, parking lots, etc.) that need to transmit limited amounts of data, since it offers the best performance thanks to the perfect outdoor radio propagation. More powerful data applications, such as Wi-Fi or IP cameras, can be supported by the broadband section of the same network. The integration of the two sections into the same urban infrastructure allows to cover the connectivity needs of the city with a single reliable and secure solution, easy to manage and able to provide a satisfactory ROI.

IETF 6LoWPAN PROTOCOL FOR A SOLID MESH NETWORK

The 6LoWPAN protocol supports virtually unlimited extensions, with billions of interconnected objects. It also ensures maximum scalability and is born as a “pure” data transfer protocol, is 100% agnostic to applications and devices. Unlike other protocols, such as ZigBee, it has been designed and developed for industrial wireless networks requiring high levels of reliability and long range coverage as well as the ability to support outdoor sensor networks as well. LoWPAN is optimized for Ultra Low Power devices management and offers the ability to optimize network power consumption and the battery life of individual objects.

OPEN STANDARD, AUTOCONFIGURATION AND AUTHORIZATION

Unlike proprietary systems, IEEE 802.15.4 and IETF 6LoWPAN protocols allow interoperability and allow a large number of devices and applications to communicate with each other. This enables the construction of “future-proof” infrastructures. Both standards offer maximum ease of use experience and a full range of plug & play functionality, including the off-the-sheld ability of self-configuration and self-configuration.

6LWWAN AND POWER LINE COMMUNICATION

In some cases, the radio signal may not be the optimal means of communicating – for example, data transmission between devices placed underground or submerged in the sewer pipelines of the city. By using the existing power grid, it is therefore preferable to use 6LoWPAN devices with integrated Power Line Communication (PLC) technology. The ability to build a single IPv6 / 6LoWPAN network with wireless connectivity and PLC can make a difference, overcoming any physical or infrastructure constraints.

FULL MESH WIRELESS NETWORK

From a physical point of view, a full mesh wireless network is the only possible architecture to enable and support the Internet of Objects in a simple and reliable way. It is the only known mechanism to ensure an efficient connection between a device and any other achievable remote object. Thanks to this feature, the full mesh wireless network offers multiple alternative paths for connecting two objects, plus self-configuration and self-tuning capabilities to overcome possible obstacles, interference or technical problems with the utmost reliability and flexibility.

IPv6 PROTOCOL FOR MULTIFUNCTIONAL AND AGNOSTIC PLATFORM

The proliferation of objects connected to the Internet and always operational requires network infrastructures to simultaneously support multiple functions and be agnostic to services and applications. This is particularly true for the Internet of Things, which sees the network as the infrastructure that enables communication between billions of devices scattered around cities and even worn by users – think of the latest wearable technologies or latest medical devices generation. Only an IPv6 network can meet the present and future needs of a Smart City